古玩城2020精品推荐第一期:寿字银碗

2020-05-29 16:18:19 来源: 未知

自古以来,各国各朝的统治者无论在何种场合均离不开白银器具。皇帝的权杖、皇冠多使用白银制作,一些统治阶层人物的用品、饰品,如绶带、官阶、佩剑、佩饰等也多用白银制作。所以,银在古代不仅在宗教的相关纪念活动中担当重要的角色,也被视为一种权力及荣誉的象征。银器制造本源于民间,从秦开始便引起了上层特权阶层的重视。皇家设置了专门为皇亲贵族服务的银器管理与制造机构,旨在垄断银器拥有权。皇家征集能工巧匠,专为他们生产制造银器银饰。其制品除了供皇宫使用外,或送王公贵族,赏赐大臣,或当礼品赠送友邦。

Since ancient times, the rulers of all countries and dynasties can not do without silver utensils no matter what occasion. The emperor's scepter and crown are mostly made of silver, and the articles and ornaments of some ruling class figures, such as ribbons, official ranks, swords and ornaments, are also made of silver. Therefore, in ancient times, silver not only played an important role in religious commemoration, but also was regarded as a symbol of power and honor. The manufacture of silverware originated from the folk, which has attracted the attention of the upper privileged since Qin Dynasty. The royal family has set up a silver management and manufacturing organization specially for the royal family and nobility, aiming to monopolize the ownership of silver. The royal family recruited skilled craftsmen to produce silver and silver ornaments for them. In addition to its products for the use of the Imperial Palace, or to send princes and nobles, reward ministers, or as gifts to friends.

两汉时期,银质器皿的制造已经达到了相当高的水平。在形体和纹图上受当时青铜器的影响,已出现了带有青铜器风格的蟠璃纹、龙凤纹、几何线纹等银制器皿。

During the Han Dynasty, the manufacture of silver utensils reached a very high level. Influenced by the bronze ware at that time, there have been silver vessels with the style of bronze ware, such as flat glass pattern, dragon phoenix pattern, geometric line pattern and so on.

 

唐代,银器制作有了重大发展。银光熠熠的银器,成了显示唐王朝富丽堂皇、灿烂夺目的标志之一。唐朝银细工艺系统而精细,有锤击、浇铸、焊接、切削、抛光、铆、镀、錾刻、镂空等;而且种类多而全,有食器、饮器、容器、药具、日用杂器、装饰品及宗教用器;其纹理繁而美,有忍冬纹、葡萄纹、连珠纹、宝相花纹、禽兽纹和狩猎纹等。

In the Tang Dynasty, there was a significant development in silver making. The shining silver has become one of the symbols of Tang Dynasty. Tang Dynasty silver fine craft system and fine, hammering, casting, welding, cutting, polishing, riveting, plating, chiseling, hollowing, etc.; but also a wide range of types, including food utensils, drinking utensils, containers, medicine, daily miscellaneous utensils, decorations and religious utensils; its texture is complex and beautiful, including honeysuckle pattern, grape pattern, bead pattern, gemological pattern, animal pattern and hunting pattern.

明清银器发展成熟,趋于华丽浓艳,宫廷气息浓厚。器形的雍容华贵,宝石镶嵌和龙凤图案的色彩斑斓,象征着高贵与权势。明代银器生动古朴,纹饰结构趋向繁密。清代银器既有传统风格,也有其他艺术的影响。清代银器可用精、细二字概括。复合工艺发达,银器与珐琅、珠玉宝石等结合,增添了器物的高贵与华美。

The silver of Ming and Qing dynasties developed mature, and tended to be gorgeous and colorful, with strong court atmosphere. The elegant shape of the instrument, the colorful gemstone inlay and dragon and phoenix pattern symbolize nobility and power. The silver ware of Ming Dynasty is vivid and simple, and the pattern structure tends to be dense. Silver wares in Qing Dynasty had both traditional styles and other artistic influences. Silver wares of Qing Dynasty can be summarized in two words: fine and fine. The composite technology is developed, and the combination of silverware, enamel, pearl jade and gemstone adds the nobility and beauty of the artifacts.

这“寿”字银碗,传承富贵,寓意长寿,是寓有平安吉祥的传世至宝。碗在中国古代是常见的传家宝,大户人家在银碗上刻有“寿”的字样,希望子孙后代衣食无忧,钵满碗满,长寿吉祥,显示对美好生活的追求。银器作为一项古老而又新兴的艺术门类,收藏群体正在不断壮大。在国外,历史悠久的收藏市场形成了一支相当规范的收藏群体。他们收藏家为主,亦有一些人既收藏又使用。因此每年交易额数目可观。受国际市场带动,中国银器交易近年日渐红火。

The word "longevity" silver bowl, inheriting wealth and longevity, is a treasure of peace and auspiciousness. Bowl is a common family heirloom in ancient China. Large families engrave the word "longevity" on the silver bowl, hoping that future generations will have no worries about food and clothing, full bowl, long life and good luck, showing the pursuit of a better life. As an old and new art category, silver collection group is growing. In foreign countries, the collection market with a long history has formed a quite standard collection group. They are mainly collectors, but also some people collect and use them. Therefore, the number of transactions per year is considerable. Driven by the international market, China's silver trading has become increasingly popular in recent years.

 

此件卉寿字纹银碗华丽富贵,有“集百世福气、一生长寿健康”的美好寓意,纹饰刻划细致入微,碗底正中刻“寿”字纹图饰,寓意吉祥长寿。底足外围环绕云雷纹图饰,寓意抵御一切灾祸。银质精纯,手感细腻柔和,质感极佳。醇厚的包浆透露出厚重的历史感,具有较高收藏价值,堪称佳作。整个保存完好,完好保留下来异常难得。类似官窑带盖瓷器,盖子易损坏、遗失,但是有盖、无盖的瓷器属于两种价格。整个器形大气、饱满,做工精细,圆形,折口,圈足,弧腹,造型古朴敦厚,工艺讲究,属中国清代老银碗风格,雕刻花卉、寿字纹饰,制作精细,工艺高超,属其中精品。

This Huishou silver bowl is gorgeous and rich. It has a good meaning of "gathering all the blessings of the world, living a long life and being healthy". The design is meticulous. The middle of the bowl bottom is engraved with the pattern of "longevity", which means good luck and longevity. The outer part of the foot is surrounded by cloud and thunder pattern, which means to resist all disasters. The silver is pure, delicate and soft, with excellent texture. The mellow coating reveals a strong sense of history and has a high collection value, which can be called a masterpiece. The whole is well preserved, and it is very difficult to keep it intact. Similar to the porcelain with lid in official kilns, the lid is easy to be damaged and lost, but the porcelain with lid and without lid belong to two prices. The shape of the whole vessel is atmospheric and full, with fine workmanship, round shape, folding mouth, foot ring, arc abdomen, simple and honest shape, exquisite workmanship, which belongs to the style of the old silver bowl in Qing Dynasty of China. It is carved with flowers and longevity characters, with fine production and superb workmanship, which is one of the best products.

 

从先秦、战国,流经两汉,在盛唐汇聚成耀世的精彩以及明清时期的成熟。4000多年的祝福,4000多年的精湛,4000多年的华美。银工艺浮雕画、银摆件、银酒具、银茶具、银餐具,这些极具精美的银器吸引着收藏者银器无论是在古代还是现代,其价值都是非常之贵重,尤其是古代银器。

From the pre-Qin, Warring States period, through the Han Dynasty, in the Tang Dynasty, it gathered into the brilliant world and the maturity of Ming and Qing Dynasties. More than 4000 years of blessing, more than 4000 years of exquisite, more than 4000 years of beauty. Silver craft relief paintings, silver ornaments, silver wine utensils, silver tea utensils, silver tableware, these extremely exquisite silverware attract collectors, whether in ancient or modern times, its value is very valuable, especially ancient silverware.


 


 

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